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The World Heritage in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka contribution to the World Heritage.

(1)1982 Sacred City of Anuradhapura

The prestigious old capital of Sri Lanka counts among the archeological sites most interesting of southern Asia. 119 kings reigned there. It is at the intersection of five main roads which connect it to Kandy, Tricomalee, Jaffna and Colombo. During nearly thirteen centuries, the capital was the cultural and religious centre and the residence of kings de Sri Lanka.

(2)1982 Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

The city was, with some interruptions, the capital of Sri Lanka during the VIIIth century. The most important monuments, raised for the majority from the XIIth to the XIVth century were influenced by the Hindu architecture of Southern India in the medieval time. Many are the temples of Polonnaruwa which are still regarded nowadays as holy places by Buddhists.

(3)1982 Ancient City of Sigiriya

(4)1988 Sinharaja Forest Reserve

(5)1988 Sacred City of Kandy

The area of Kandy, located in the mountainous centre of the island, was populated only relatively late by Singhalese. In XIVth century, some temples were built which exist still nowadays. Located far from the coast, protected well by the loop of the river, the hills and the jungle, Kandy was sheltered from Portuguese and Dutch conquerors, who never reached to occupy this natural fortress.

(6)1988 Old Town of Galle and its Fortifications

(7)1991 Golden Temple of Dambulla

Dambulla is the largest of the rupestral sanctuaries of Sri Lanka, and is often regarded as geographical centre even of island. Its origin is former to the establishment of Buddhism. It is starting from Dambulla that king Valagamba, in 103 BC, launched its reconquest campaign on Tamils which enabled him to return to Anuradhapura.

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> No.28 <September 2018>