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Introduction-Blue Mongolia

Because of the eternal blue dome hanging over an endless steppes, from the ancient times Mongolia, or the Land of Nomads was called "Blue Mongolia." Due to the nomadic lifestyle, closely intertwined with the nature, Mongols developed over centuries a deep tradition of reverence to The Heaven, as their main protector. Even nowadays, old women will splash into air at the morning dawn a bit of freshly brewed tea with milk as an offering to the Blue Sky and the Mother Nature. Mongolia, more known as Outer Mongolia, is located in the heart of Central Asia, sandwiched right between the two superpowers: China and Russia. It has the population of only 2.3 million people living sparsely over the territory of 1,566,500 sq. km, or equal to half of India.
A close ally of the former Soviet Union for last seven decades, Mongolia embarked in 1990 the road of democratic and political reforms and now is slowly opening up to the outside world.

Facts at a Glance

Area 1,566,500 sq km (610,740 sq mi)
Population 2.3million
Ethnic Groups 85% Mongol, mostly Khalkha Mongol. Also 7% Turkie (mainly Kazakh). 4.6% Tungusic and 3.4% other groups. Four million Mongols live outside Mongolia.


Mongolian Language is the First Language. Over 90% Khalkha Mongol (AeMongolian LanguageAf). The script is Cyrillic due to Russian influence but a switch back to traditional script has begin in Schools.Second Language Russian is spoken by many graduates, with many Mongolians formerly educated in Russia. English is replacing Russian as the second Language. German is spoken by many graduates, and a little Spanish and Franche is spoken. Chinese not widely inderstood except in border areas.

Religions Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Shamanism
Major industries Copper, livestock, cashmere, wool
Major trading partners Russia, China, Japan, US

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> No.28 <September 2018>