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Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates 27 00 S, 133 00 E
Map references Oceania
Area total 7,686,850 sq km
land 7,617,930 sq km
water 68,920 sq km
note includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
Land boundaries 0 km
Coastline 25,760 km
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone 200 nm
territorial sea 12 nm


generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north


mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

Elevation extremes: lowest point Lake Eyre -15 m
highest point Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

Natural resources

bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum

Land use : arable land 6%
permanent crops 0%
permanent pastures 54%
forests and woodland 19%
other 21% (1993 est.)

Geography - note

world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as "the Doctor" occurs along the west coast in the summer

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